You’ve heard of the famous Christmas Truce of 1914 between the trenches of the British and German soldiers. These were indeed brave men. But that was not the only such event: there were desertions, mutinies, and fraternizations. Today it seems anyone with a uniform is dubbed a hero, but what about the peacemakers? On this show Adam Hochschild, author of King Leopold’s Ghost, To End All Wars, Spain in Our Hearts, and 2022’s American Midnight talks about those genuine heroes who risked all to oppose that insane first world war, and the relevance to today’s acceptance of permanent war and near silence of calls for peace.